Amalienborg

Amalienborg is the Royal Family's residence in Copenhagen. The Amalienborg complex consists of four palaces, built around an octagonal courtyard.

Amalienborg is HM The King's winter residence. The Amalienborg complex consists of four palaces, built around an octagonal courtyard, in the centre of which stands the French sculptor J.F.J. Saly’s equestrian statue of Frederik V, the founder of Amalienborg and Frederiksstaden.

The complex was constructed by Frederik V on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of the coronation of Christian I, the first King of the House of Oldenborg. The site for the four palaces was given to four prominent noblemen, A.G. Moltke, Christian Frederik Levetzau, Joachim Brockdorf and Severin Løvenskiold, who committed themselves to building identical palaces, designed by the court architect Nicolai Eigtved.

Amalienborg became the royal residence after Christiansborg Palace burned down in the night between 26 and 27 February 1794. In the course of a few days, the king acquired both the Moltke and Schack Palaces.

The Royal Family and Queen Margrethe at the balcony on the occasion of HM The King's 50th birthday. Photo: Sofie Mathiassen, Ritzau Scanpix ©
Amalienborg Palace Square. Photo: Polfoto ©

Christian VII's Palace

Christian VII’s Palace has previously belonged to the Lord High Steward AG Moltke. Today the palace is The Queen's representative palace.

Christian VII’s Palace, or Moltke’s Palace, was erected in the years 1750-54 for the Lord High Steward A. G. Moltke. When the Royal Family became homeless after the fire of Christiansborg in 1794, Christian VII bought the palace.

After Christian VII’s death in 1808, Frederik VI used the palace for his Royal Household. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs used parts of the palace in the years 1852-85. From 1885, the palace was used exclusively to accommodate guests  and for ceremonial purposes.

However, for short periods of time, the palace housed Crown Prince Frederik (IX) and Crown Princess Ingrid as well as Queen Margrethe and Prince Henrik during the restoration of their respective palaces.

From 1971-75, the palace also housed a small kindergarten for HM The King and HRH Prince Joachim, and a classroom was set up there for them later on. 

In 1982, Agency for Palaces and Cultural Properties started an exterior restoration of the palace. From 1993-96, the agency carried out a general restoration of the interior with the support of a number of private sponsors.

Christian VII's Palace. Photo: Roberto Fortuna ©
The Great Hall, Christian VII's Palace. Photo: Roberto Fortuna ©

Christian VIII's Palace

Christian VIII's Palæ. Photo: Kongehuset ©
The Gala Hall, Christian VIII's Palace. Photo: Kongernes Samling ©

Frederik VIII's Palace

Frederik VIII’s Palace was built during 1750-60 for Baron Joachim Brockdorff. Today the palace is The Royal Family’s private residence.

Frederik VIII’s Palace, or Brockdorff’s Palace, was built during 1750-60 for Baron Joachim Brockdorff. Brockdoff died in 1763, and Lord High Steward A.G. Moltke subsequently acquired the palace. Two years later, he sold the palace to Frederik V. From 1767, the palace served as the Army Cadet Academy.

The cadets had to vacate the palace when Frederik VI wanted his daughter, Princess Vilhelmine, and the heir to the throne, Prince Frederik (VII), to reside there after their wedding. From that marriage’s dissolution in 1837 until Crown Prince Frederik (VII) moved in 1869, the palace housed various members of the Royal Family. The Crown Prince became king in 1906 as Frederik VIII, and the palace bears his name.

In 1934, the palace was restored in order to be used by Crown Prince Frederik (IX) and Crown Princess Ingrid. Queen Ingrid lived in the palace until her death in November 2000.

In 2010, The Royal Couple took over the palace from the State after a thorough interior and exterior restoration, which had begun in 2004. Today, the palace is The Royal Couple’s private residence with administrative and ceremonial functions.

Frederik VIII's Palace. Photo: POLFOTO ©
Art in Frederik VIII's Palace. Photo: POLFOTO ©

Christian IX's Palace

Queen Margrethe uses Christian IX's Palace as winter residence.

The construction of Christian IX’s Palace, or Schack’s Palace, was commenced in 1750. However, in 1754 Privy Councillor Severin Løvenskjold, who commissioned the building, had to give up in the face of the financial commitments. Countess Anne Sophie Schack took over the palace and passed it on to her step-grandson, Hans Schack.

In 1757, Hans Schack became the son-in-law of Lord High Steward A.G. Moltke, which was highly beneficial to construction work, as Moltke lent his best artists and craftsmen for the completion of the interiors.

After the Christiansborg fire, Schack’s Palace was acquired for Crown Prince Frederik (VI). The palace was connected to Moltke’s Palace by the "Colonnade", a secret passage at the first-floor level supported by eight Ionic columns, allowing the traffic to continue along Amaliegade.

The Crown Prince, who had governed the country for his sick father since 1784, became King under the name of Frederik VI in 1808. After his death in 1839, the palace was, among other things, used by the Supreme Court and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

In 1863, the palace was placed at the disposal of Christian IX, after whom the palace is named. "Europe’s father-in-law" lived there until his death in 1906. The home remained untouched until a registration of the estate took place in 1948.

In 1967, the palace was restored for the successor to the throne, Princess Margrethe and Prince Henrik. Queen Margrethe still use the palace as her winter residence.

HM Queen Margrethe's New Year Address

Queen Margrethe has delivered the New Year Address every year on 31 December at 6 pm.

Christian IX's Palace. Photo: Polfoto ©
HM Queen Margrethe's New Year Address, Amalienborg, 2023. Photo: Keld Navntoft, Kongehuset ©